Names of God

Part 1

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God reveals Himself through His Name in scripture

 

“ELOHIM” (or Elohay) means God, or god. Only context can decide if Elohay is referring to the God of Isreal or the gods of the nations.

Elohay is often combined in scripture with other words for descriptive emphasis.

Some examples: 

Elohay Kedem – God of the Beginning: (Deuteronomy 33:27).

Elohay Mishpat – God Of Justice: (Isaiah 30:18).

Elohay Selichot – God Of Forgiveness: (Nehemiah 9:17).

Elohay Marom – God Of Heights: (Micah 6:6).

Elohay Mikarov – God Who Is Near: (Jeremiah 23:23).

Elohay Mauzi – God Of My Strength: (Psalm 43:2).

Elohay Tehilati – God Of My Praise: (Psalm 109:1).

Elohay Yishi – God Of My Salvation: (Psalm 18:46).

Elohim Kedoshim – Holy God: (Leviticus 19:2Joshua 24:19).

Elohim Chaiyim – Living God: (Jeremiah 10:10).

Elohay Elohim – God Of Gods: (Deuteronomy 10:17).

The prefix “EL” is another name used for God in the Bible. El is the simple form arising from Elohim, and is also combined with other words for descriptive emphasis.

Some examples: 

El HaNe’eman – The Faithful God: (Deuteronomy 7:9).

El HaGadol – The Great God: (Deuteronomy 10:17).

El HaKadosh – The Holy God: (Isaiah 5:16).

El Yisrael – The God Of Israel: (Psalm 68:35).

El HaShamayim – The God Of The Heavens: (Psalm 136:26).

El De’ot – The God Of Knowledge: (1 Samuel 2:3).

El Emet – The God Of Truth: (Psalm 31:6).

El Yeshuati – The God Of My Salvation: (Isaiah 12:2).

El Elyon – The Most High God: (Genesis 14:18).

Immanu El – God Is With Us: (Isaiah 7:14).

El Olam – The God Of Eternity (Genesis 21:33).

El Echad – The One God: (Malachi 2:10).

Elah Sh’maya V’Arah – God of Heaven and Earth: (Ezra 5:11).

YHVH comes from the Hebrew verb “to be” and is the special name that God revealed to Moses at the burning bush. “And God said to Moses, ‘I AM WHO I AM; and He said, thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, I AM has sent me to you… this is My eternal name, and this is how I am to be recalled for all generations'” (Exodus 3:14-15). Therefore, YHVH declares God’s absolute being – the source of everything, without beginning and without end.

YHVH Elohim – LORD God: (Genesis 2:4).

YHVH Elyon – The LORD is Supreme (Gen 14:19)

YHVH M’kadesh – The LORD Who Makes Holy: (Ezekiel 37:28).

YHVH Yireh – The LORD Who Sees/provides: (Genesis 22:14).

YHVH Nissi – The LORD My Banner: (Exodus 17:15).

YHVH Shalom – The LORD Of Peace: (Judges 6:24).

YHVH Tzidkaynu – The LORD Our Righteousness: (Jeremiah 33:16).

YHVH O’saynu – The LORD our Maker: (Psalm 95:6).

YHVH Repheka – The LORD is Healer (Ex 15)

YHVH Shamah – The LORD Is There (Ez 48:35)

Part 2

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People who God revealed Himself to through His Name:

     1) Abraham

 

EL- Shadai – God the Almighty

 

Gen 17: 1 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, “I am God Almighty (EL- Shadai); walk before me and be blameless. 2 I will confirm my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers.”

 

     2) Moses

 

YHVH Repheka– The LORD is Healer

 

Ex 15: There the Lord made a decree and a law for them, and there he tested them. 26 He said, “If you listen carefully to the voice of the Lord your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the Lord, who heals you (YHVH Repheka).”

 

John 3: 12 I have spoken to you of earthly things and you do not believe; how then will you believe if I speak of heavenly things? 13 No one has ever gone into heaven except the one who came from heaven–the Son of Man. 14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the desert, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, 15 that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life.

16 “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.

 

     3) Gideon

 

YHVH Shalom ‘LORD of Peace’

 

12 When the angel of the Lord appeared to Gideon, he said, “The Lord is with you, mighty warrior.”

13 “But sir,” Gideon replied, “if the Lord is with us, why has all this happened to us? Where are all his wonders that our fathers told us about when they said, ‘Did not the Lord bring us up out of Egypt?’ But now the Lord has abandoned us and put us into the hand of Midian.”

14 The Lord turned to him and said, “Go in the strength you have and save Israel out of Midian’s hand. Am I not sending you?”

15 “But Lord,’” Gideon asked, “how can I save Israel? My clan is the weakest in Manasseh, and I am the least in my family.”

16 The Lord answered, “I will be with you , and you will strike down all the Midianites together.”

 

22 When Gideon realized that it was the angel of the Lord, he exclaimed, “Ah, Sovereign Lord! I have seen the angel of the Lord face to face!”

23 But the Lord said to him, “Peace! Do not be afraid. You are not going to die.”

24 So Gideon built an altar to the Lord there and called it The Lord is Peace (YHVH Shalom). To this day it stands in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

 

     4) Jeremiah

 

YHVH Tsidqenu –  LORD our Righteousness

 

Jer 23: 5 “The days are coming,” declares the Lord,

“when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch,

a King who will reign wisely

and do what is just and right in the land.

6 In his days Judah will be saved

and Israel will live in safety.

This is the name by which he will be called:

The Lord Our Righteousness (YHVH Tsidqenu).

 

Rom 3: 21 But now a righteousness from God, apart from law, has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify. 22 This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference, 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. 25 God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood. He did this to demonstrate his justice, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished– 26 he did it to demonstrate his justice at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus.

 

     5) Ezekiel

 

YHVH Shamah   The LORD Is There.

 

Ez 48: “And the name of the city from that time on will be: the Lord is there (YHVH Shamah).”

 

Rev 21: 1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea.2 I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. 4 He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away

 

Part 3

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Names of God in the Bible

 

We come to the New Testament…

 

Mat 1:21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.” 22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: 23 “The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel”–which means, “God with us.”

 

          John…

 

John 20: 30 Jesus did many other miraculous signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. 31 But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.

 

            Luke…

 

Acts 4: 8 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them: “Rulers and elders of the people!9 If we are being called to account today for an act of kindness shown to a cripple and are asked how he was healed, 10 then know this, you and all the people of Israel: It is by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified but whom God raised from the dead, that this man stands before you healed. 11 He is

“ ‘the stone you builders rejected,

which has become the capstone.’

12 Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved.”

13 When they saw the courage of Peter and John and realized that they were unschooled, ordinary men, they were astonished and they took note that these men had been with Jesus

 

              Paul…

 

Ph 2: 9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place

and gave him the name that is above every name,

10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow,

in heaven and on earth and under the earth,

11 and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord,

to the glory of God the Father.

 

 

Eph 1: 18 having the eyes of your heart enlightened, that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, 19 and what the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to that working of the strength of his might 20 which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and made him to sit at his right hand in the heavenly places, 21 far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:

22 and he put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things to the church, 23 which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.

 

Col 1: 15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.16 For by him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things were created by him and for him. 17 He is before all things, and in him all things hold together. 18 And he is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning and the firstborn from among the dead, so that in everything he might have the supremacy. 19 For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, 20 and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross.

21 Once you were alienated from God and were enemies in your minds because of your evil behavior. 22 But now he has reconciled you by Christ’s physical body through death to present you holy in his sight, without blemish and free from accusation– 23 if you continue in your faith, established and firm, not moved from the hope held out in the gospel. This is the gospel that you heard and that has been proclaimed to every creature under heaven, and of which I, Paul, have become a servant.



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